A chain of islands
For sea lovers or fans of water sports, Croatia’s coastline and crystal-clear water are nothing short of heaven. No less than 1, 185 islands, some with sandy beaches all the way round, adorn the Adriatic coast like a string of pearls. With around 2, 700 hours of sunshine each year, they’re perfect places to enjoy a lazy day of sun and wind. Here and there, you’ll see small wooded hills rising out of the blue water, a hint of what lies beneath.
Today’s island were once part of the mainland but were lost to the sea at the end of the last ice age. Rich in colorful sea life – with everything from lobster to scorpion fish, cuttlefish and red mullet, plus antler sponges and moss animalcules – the water with their caves and hidden grottoes give scuba divers plenty to explore.
Mljet is the most southerly and easterly of the larger Adriatic islands of the Dalmatia region of Croatia. The National Park includes the western part of the island, Veliko jezero, Malo jezero, Soline Bay and a sea belt 500 m wide from the most prominent cape of Mljet covering an area of 54 km2. The central parts of the park are Veliko jezero with the Isle of St. Mary, Malo jezero and the villages of Govedari, Polace and Pomena.
Lastovo is an island municipality in the Dubrovnik – Neretva County in Croatia. The municipality consists of 46 islands with a total population of 792 people, of which 93% are ethnic Croats, and a land area of approximately 53 square kilometres (20 sq miles). The biggest island in the municipality is
also named Lastovo, as is the largest town. The majority of the population lives on the 46 square kilometres (18 sq miles) island of Lastovo. The island is noted for its 15th- and 16th-century venetian architecture. There is a large number of churches of relatively small size, a testament to the island’s long-standing Roman Catholic tradition. The major cultural event is the Poklade, or carnival. The island largely relies on its natural beauty and preservation to attract tourists each season. In 2006 the Croatian Government made the island and its archipelago a nature park.
Peljesac is a peninsula in southern Dalmatia in Croatia. The peninsula is part of the Dubrovnik – Neretva County and is the second largest peninsula in Croatia. From the isthmus that begins at Ston, to the top of Cape Lovista, it is 65 km or 40 mi long.
Korcula is an island in the Adriatic Sea, in the Dubrovnik – Neretva County of Croatia. The island has an area of 279 km2 (108 sq miles); 46.8 km (29.1 miles) long and on average 7.8 km (4.8 miles) wide — and lies just off the Dalmatian coast. Its 16,182 inhabitants make it the second most populous Adriatic island after Krk and the most populous Croatian island not connected to the mainland by a bridge. The population are mainly ethnic Croats (96.77%).
Hvar is a Croatian island in the Adriatic Sea, located off the Dalmatian coast, lying between the islands of Brac, Vis and Korcula. Approximately 68 km (42.25 miles) long, with a high east-west ridge of Mesozoic limestone and dolomite, the island of Hvar is unusual in the area for having a large fertile coastal plain, and fresh water springs. Its hillsides are covered in pine forests, with vineyards, olive groves, fruit orchards and lavender fields in the agricultural areas. The climate is characterized by mild winters, and warm summers with many hours of sunshine. The island has 11,103 residents, making it the 4th most populated of the Croatian islands. Hvar’s location at the center of the Adriatic sailing routes has long made this island an important base for commanding trade up and down the Adriatic, across to Italy and throughout the wider Mediterranean. One industry, however, has continued to grow and is now a significant contributor to the island’s economy. The formation of The Hygienic Association of Hvar in 1868 for the assistance of visitors to the island has been instrumental in developing an infrastructure of hotels, apartments, restaurants, marinas, museums, galleries and cafes. Today, the island of Hvar is a popular destination for tourists, consistently listed in the top 10 islands by Conde Nast Traveler magazine.
Vis is a small Croatian island in the Adriatic Sea. The farthest inhabited island off the Croatian mainland, Vis had a population of 3,460 in 2011 and has an area of 90.26 square kilometres (34.85 square miles). The highest point of the island is Hum which is 587 metres (1,926 feet) above sea level. The island’s two largest settlements are the town of Vis on the eastern side of the island (the settlement after which the island was originally named), and Komiza, on its western coast. Once known for its thriving fishing industry in the late 19th and early 20th century, the main present-day industries on the island are agriculture and tourism. Vis town and Komiza are also seats of separate administrative municipalities which cover the entire island and nearby islets, which are both part of Split – Dalmatia County.
Brac is an island in the Adriatic Sea within Croatia, with an area of 396 square kilometres (153 sq miles), making it the largest island in Dalmatia, and the third largest in the Adriatic. It is separated from the mainland by the Brac Channel, which is 5 to 13 km (3 to 8 miles) wide. The island’s tallest peak, Vidova gora, or Mount St. Vid, stands at 778 m, making it the highest island point in the Adriatic. The island has a population of 13,956, living in numerous settlements, ranging from the main town Supetar, with more than 3,300 inhabitants, to Murvica, where less than two dozen people live. Bol Airport on Brac is the largest airport of all islands surrounding Split.
Solta is an island in Croatia. It is situated in the Adriatic Sea in the central Dalmatian archipelago, west of the island of Brac, south of Split (separated by Split Channel) and east of the Drvenik islands, Drvenik Mali and Drvenik Veli (separated by the Solta Channel). Its area is 58.98 km2 and it has a population of 1,700. The highest peak of Solta is the summit Vela Straza which is 236 metres high. On the north-eastern coast of the island there are the large bays of Rogac and Necujam. In the western part of the interior of Solta there is a field approximately 6 km (4 miles) long and 2 km (1 miles) wide. The economy of the island is based on vineyards, olives, fruit, fishing and tourism. While the main settlements (Grohote, Gornje Selo, Srednje Selo, Donje Selo) are inland, the main fishing centres are Maslinica, which is exposed to only north-westerly winds, making it a good shelter for smaller boats. Rogac is the main port and Necujam the centre of the island’s tourism.